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First Aid Tips For Treating Injuries In The Home Safely

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From burns to heart attacks to minor cuts, it is important to be aware of how to treat first aid situations that can occur inside of the home. By recognising common signs and symptoms of medical and health ailments, you will be prepared to not only address the symptoms, but you may also be able to save someone’s life.

The following are several first aid tips for treating a myriad of medical conditions in the home, and you will also learn when it is safe to treat the emergency at home, or whether it is best to contact first responders to begin treatment on the injured person.

Animal Bites

One of the most common emergency situations in the home that require first aid are animal bites. Although human rabies is not common in the United States, it is still essential that you are able to recognise the signs and symptoms of a rabies bite so you can not only protect yourself, but also your loved ones.

Rabies is an infection that is carried in the saliva of infected animals. It was once associated with dogs, but in recent years, cases in the United States also included other animals such as bats.

One way to drastically reduce your chances of getting bitten by a rabid animal is to never approach an animal you are not familiar with. Keep your distance from any animal that displays these following signs:

  • Intense staring
  • Stiff tail
  • Tense body

You can also keep your pet’s vaccines updated.

Cuts And Punctures

Wounds and cuts that break the skin are known as open wounds. These wounds often require stitches. Wounds that are closed and do not cause a break in the skin are known as closed wounds. However, these wounds can cause inflammation, bruises and swelling. Some of the most common open wounds are:

  • Incisions
  • Lacerations
  • Abrasions
  • Punctures

In most cases, these wounds can be treated at home using first aid supplies. Unfortunately, some wounds must be treated by a physician. These types of wounds include:

  • Wounds with uncontrolled bleeding
  • Diabetic patients with open wounds
  • Wounds that have dirt inside of them
  • Edges of wound will not close

Splinters

It is highly probable that you when you were younger you learned how to remove splinters. From playing with trees, debris or play equipment, you likely had at least one splinter.

Splinters are objects that are impaled in the skin. Many can be removed at home, but if they stay in the skin too long, an infection can develop. If you want to remove the splinter at home, you will need to assemble these materials:

  • Soap and water
  • Iodine
  • Tweezers
  • Needle

Be sure you wash your hands with soap and water to remove all bacteria. Before using the needle or tweezers, try to work the splinter out of the skin manually. If it does not come out that way, clean the tweezers and needle with iodine. You can then wash the wound and use the needle to open the skin, then use the tweezers to pull the splinter out.

It is necessary to have first aid kits and supplies in your home. The supplies, along with these tips, can give you the assurance you need to treat minor injuries quickly.